The ewiks Caravan Mover is a well-designed wheel-driving system using effective motors and effective traction drums. It is widely used by many caravan owners and greatly respected. I greatly appreciate the mobility that ewiks affords me the ability to effortlessly manoeuvre the caravan for best position and privacy is invaluable and not something I would want to be without.
The lack of mobility afforded by the hand-held panel is somewhat restrictive and many ewiks users have hankered after a more versatile control system. Harnessing the power of the ubiquitous mobile phone to this purpose is ultimately more expensive than the traditional radio-control solution but has the advantage of using a device that is always to hand, and with a battery that is kept charged. Communicating via Bluetooth demands more sophisticated hardware at the remote control side but brings with it totally secure encrypted bi-directional digital signalling. Features such as monitoring and displaying motor current draws would not be possible with a cheaper key-fob type of control system..
The controller switches combinations of 4 output relays that duplicate the functions of the switches on the handheld control panel. The functioning of the handheld remains unchanged. Connecting the controller to the existing installation is a simple matter that can be undertaken by anyone Installation of the Android phone app is detailed on a Bluetooth Connecting page on this website.
The dedicated page, which can be reached here, or in the Menu above describes the step by step procedure for creating and editing a MAC address. In the absence of a valid MAC address file the Caravan Mover app will create a generic address (01:23:45:67:89:AB) to allow the app to be evaluated without a Remote Control being present, but if the intention is to connect to a Remote Control the first step required is to create the correct MAC address using the MAC Editor app.
Provides all the facilities of the hand-held switch panel as well as allowing mobility all around the caravan to be manoeuvred into position. Phones running Android 4.2 and higher are supported. For convenience the app never goes to sleep, but remains active on the screen until it is shut down, and when it is shut down the Bluetooth connection will be broken.
There is a flashlight button to let you illuminate the scene should you be making camp after dark.
Unlike some other mobile phone apps this one's screen is fixed to the portrait display orientation, and it will not blank the screen after a period of idleness. Care should be taken when pocketing the phone while the program is running since buttons may be pressed unintentionally. The app can be put to sleep with the power button and restored the same way. On awakening it will need to re-connect, and will attempt to do so automatically.
Inch Mode (V1.4 and higher)
Tapping any motor button, or combination of buttons, while holding down the INCH MODE button sends a command to the Remote Control unit to energise the motor(s) for a single power pulse. This is useful when only small increments of movement are desired. A single power pulse will turn the drive drums through about an tenth of a turn, or 25mm (one inch) of movement, under no-load conditions. Under load this will reduce somewhat. A Red INCH MODE indicator is displayed while INCH MODE is active.
The INCH MODE button is placed to be convenient to the left thumb of a right-handed user. For left-handed operators the INCH MODE button can be moved to the right-hand side of the screen by tapping the red INCH MODE warning indicator when it appears. Use the same method to put it back on the left again.
The Basic Remote Control Unit
The Mobile Phone App with no Current Measurement and Control
Afrikaans Text (V1.3 and higher)
If your first language is Afrikaans and appreciate screens that speak to you in that language then we can provide that facility. Most Android phones from Samsung and Huawei are not equipped with the Afrikaans language pack when they are sold. However the new range of Android mobile phones from Nokia all appear to have the Afrikaans language pack available as a user-selectable option.
The power switch panel should be located convenient to the doorway where it can be reached from outside, and in a place where it will not be inadvertently actuated. The switch panel at right is able to switch both batteries to supply the controller with raw as well as clean power and also float-charge the secondary battery when the system is switched off.
The panel needs a hole cut in the wooden wall of the dinette seat (easily accomplished by just drilling a row of adjoining holes), for which purpose a cutting jig is provided which has the same footprint as the panel.
A convenient place to place the controller is on the underside of the tip-up lid of the dinette's seat since the ewiks switchgear is often located inside the compartment as well. If a secondary battery is implemented the negative pole should be connected direct to the negative of the main battery, which is often also located under the seat of the dinette, with wire of at least 4sqmm.
Since none of 7 wires connecting the controller to the ewiks equipment will carry more than 1 Amp of current the wire can be of the single-strand telephone type. Wire connections to the ewiks circuitry can be made either behind the female trailer plug, or at a spot closer to the ewiks switchgear. The schematic shows the ewiks norm, but you should confirm that your caravan conforms to this standard before switching anything on.
The wires extending those attached to the switch panel should be similar to the tails already there. See the schematic which can be downloaded here, and the Power Considerations section below, for more about the optional second battery..
The app is easily installed in just a few minutes by following instructions on the Connecting page. It permits the same directions of movement as the hand-held panel but extends the control range to approximately 50 metres from the caravan. Before the app can be used you need to set the correct MAC address using the MAC Editor, an app also downloaded from the same page. The MAC address is a 6-byte number that uniquely identifies a Bluetooth device.
Should the mobile phone go out of range the motors will stop within less than half a second.
The Switch Panel Conveniently Located
The Mobile Phone Remote Control unit requires a 12 volt power supply similar to that which powers the rest of the caravan. It draws a current of about 200mA while working. The cheapest and simplest way to supply it with power is to connect it to the caravan's battery system through a single-pole on/off switch. But there are ramifications to consider. Download the schematic here
When a motor car's battery approaches the end of its life, typically after four years of work, it is easy to read the signs - there's not enough power available to crank the engine to life, but the usual load on a caravan's battery is so slight that it is a lot harder to recognise any degree of deterioration - a few low-energy lamps and an intermittent 3 Amps to the fridge can be supported by the most feeble battery. Thus it can come as an unwelcome surprise that the existing battery has become too weak to deliver large the large currents demanded by powerful electric motors for extended periods of time, such as when positioning a caravan into an awkward spot.
It is in nature of electric motors to draw a very high current during the short interval it takes the motor's rotor to come up to speed from standstill. Once the motor is turning that very movement resists excessive current flows and the current will only increase when the motor encounters increased resistance. This means that any time a motor is started the battery output voltage will dip momentarily before recovering. As the battery becomes increasingly discharged these dips will go lower and lower until the regulator serving the remote control unit is unable to supply a continuous stable voltage. At this point the controller will disconnect its communication with the mobile phone and everything will stop. Caravans are often equipped with deep-cycle batteries which are less suited to delivering large the electric currents that are demanded by electric motors under heavy load than the cranking batteries found in cars, thereby aggravating this potential problem.
There are two solutions available:
1. Connect the trailing mains-cable to the caravan's power input before and while you use the ewiks motors. This will greatly reduce the power dips and help to keep the battery from discharging too deeply, especially if you keep the duty cycle low. To power the remote control unit from the main battery connect the bridge as shown on the schematic.
2. Power the remote control unit from a separate, dedicated supply battery such as a 12V gel-cell of the type used in burglar alarm systems. The gel-cell will keep the remote control powered for many hours, but not indefinitely. When the power switch set to Off the main battery (and its charger) will be connected to the secondary battery to keep it float-charged. The schematic details how the 2-pole switch should be connected between the batteries and the remote control unit and the switch is supplied with each wire tail labelled.
All sheeting and mesh that is made from electro-conductive material will hinder the propagation of radio waves to some extent. The more enclosed the communication devices are by metal, the more the effective communication range will be reduced. Many caravans have side walls that are clad with an outer skin of aluminium that will introduce limited shielding. However they also have floors and other panels made of wood, plastic roofs, poly carbonate windows, plastic wheel-arches, and fibreglass end-caps that are permeable to RF radiation.
Bluetooth communications use the 2.485GHz frequency band which means that the transmission path is entirely line-of-sight. The placement of the control unit therefore influences the range and reliability of radio contact with the mobile phone, bearing in mind that the propagation path will vary as the operator moves around the caravan and the degree of shielding changes. Since the control unit continually returns a status message to the mobile phone (see left and right), the mobile can display the current relay status. It does this by superimposing an arrow over the activating button when the corresponding relay is energised. The unit need not be fully installed in order to determine the suitability of the intended location - it only requires 12V and Gnd to be connected. When Bluetooth is interrupted for more than 4 seconds this is reported by onscreen message and the blue rune at top left turns to a red alarm. Tapping the alarm symbol initiates a reconnection attempt.
The time invested in testing the comparative suitability of the various available installation locations will pay large usability dividends in the long run. Spots near the door, which can be left open during caravan positioning, in sight of windows, near the floor, or close to the end-caps or wheel arches will be more suitable than near sheer walls of metal. In most cases RF shielding will not be a significant problem but it is always good to know beforehand if there are any weak reception spots around your caravan so they can be avoided when using the mover.
We have found that single skins don't reduce Bluetooth range to less than about 20 metres, but when the radio signal is expected to pass through multiple layers of metal significant losses can be experienced.
Left Forward, Right Backward engaged
Right Forward, Left Backward Engaged
Custom made plug that carries 2 pairs of wires to the circuit breakers
Custom-made plug that takes the place of both 30A fuses. Yellow coded 6,3mm crimpable spade lugs are pressed into the holes. The block is then secured with the existing thumb-screw. From the crimp lugs wires carry the current to the circuit breakers and back.
The Power-to-Weight Ratio of the ewiks motors is quite low - a fraction of a KW to move more than a 1000 Kgs of caravan and, despite very low gearing, under sufficiently adverse circumstances the resistance of the caravan can overwhelm the motors and bring them to a complete halt. When this happens the current through the motors will shoot up to a potentially damaging level and the protective fuse will instantly blow, protecting the motor but rendering it inoperative until the fuse is replaced.
The fuses are not expensive and easily replaced, but access to the fuses can be awkward since they are located on the top of the electrical control unit which may have been installed in an inaccessible place. Also, replacing the fuse does not remove the obstruction that cuased it to blow, and if this is not found and eliminated successfully the new fuse will just blow again, leading to a potentially annoying situation.
A low cost and easy to implement alternative to fuse protection is a pair of domestic-type circuit breakers connected by 4sq/mm wire into the blade fuse sockets after removing the fuses. No wires are cut, and no change is required to the existing hardware. Reversion to the old system takes just a few seconds. See the schematics for further details.
A futher remedy available is inserting a pair of Hall Effect current sensors into the circuits feeding the motors to continually monitor the electric currents through them, and allow the Remote Control to interrupt current to either motor whenever this reaches the 30A limit. The Remote Control will attempt to reconnect repeatedly, and disconnect again if the problem persists. At this point the button on the mobile phone should be released and the cause of the overload attended to,after which the move can be resumed. This is an add-on to the circuit breaker system described above and so requires no modification of the standard ewiks installation.
The schematic for the CurrentGuard module may be downloaded here
As an information aid the Remote Control transmits the prevailing current measurements to the mobile phone where they are displayed on a colour-coded backgound. Green for up to 10 Amps, yellow up to 20 Amps and red above 20 Amps.
The Remote Control measures the current flow 10 times per second but, for readability. reports these values on the mobile phone only once per second. Even so there is often more information displayed than can be easily taken in. To record significant events for later analysis you can take a series of sequentially-numbered screenshots simply by tapping either amperage display button. The screenshot is stored in a directory named CM_SS which is found in the System Root. Any file explorer can be used to find this directory in the Root of the Internal Storage and display the screenshot files saved in it. A new sequence is started with every session of the app and old files are overwritten automatically.
A dual 32A circuit breaker.
The motor current values are received and diplayed with a colour-coded background. Seen here the left-hand motor approaching the cut out threshold, but will be disconnected before tripping the circuit breaker or overloading the motor.
Motor Control Switchgear
This is normally supplied by the Ewiks as part of the caravan mover installation kit.Under special circumstances when this unit is not available we have a functionally identical device that uses similar relays, but circuit breakers in place of blade fuses. It can accept input from a hand-held switch panel, a remote control, or both. Additional 4sq/mm wire is required to complete connections to the battery and motors. A hand-held switch panel is not included but can easily be made using 2 SPDT Centre Off switches.
No safety interlocking is required since energising both relays for the same motor will not have adverse consequences.
The remote control unit is often more versatile and convenient to use than the handheld panel, but it does not replace it entirely. There may well be occasions when the remote control is not available or not able to do its job, and at these times you will want to revert to the handheld switch box. Since the two systems work in parallel both can be active at the same time, however great care should be taken that both the remote control and the switch panel are not used simultaneously, since conflicts might arise from a motor being switched in both directions at the same time, which will result in the fuse for that motor being blown and requiring time-consuming replacement.
Keeping a stock of 30A fuses on hand is always a sensible precaution as they are prone to blowing any time a motor is pushed to the limit of its torque, such as can happen when operating in soft sand, and especially when the jockey wheel becomes mired. (See Eliminating the Fuses above.)
The Switch Assembly
Compatible with single and dual battery implementations.
The Current Guard Unit
Monitors the current in both motoer circuits and reports to the Remote Control
Remote Control Unit
Includes Controller, Switch Panel with cutting jig, some connecting cable, WhatsApp and email support.
You will need additional wire, connectors, and general mounting hardware, depending on your particular installation. A 12V gel-cell for an optional dedicated battery is available from security equipment shops will cost about R150.
Includes dual circuit breaker, dual Hall-effect current monitors, fuse replacement plug, wire and crimp lugs. Requires additional 4sq/m,m wire to complete connections.
Motor Control Switchgear Unit
Not normally required since it forms part of the Ewiks DIY kit.
Consists of dual circuit breaker and 4 CMA31 Relays, 8 leads with yellow crimp ferrules: 2 to Battery Pos; 2 to Battery Neg; 2 to Left Motor and 2 to Right Motor. Requires additional 4sq/mm wires to complete connections to battery and motors.
PostNet offers a counter-to-counter service for R99 that takes 2 to 3 working days, and this is what many opt for. Delivery to your door is available from PostNet at additional cost.
The Remote Control Unit
Contains: Power Supply, Micro-Controller, Bluetooth Module, 4 Output Relays.
Motor Control Switchgear